"Notes of INDUSTRY & ENERGY"

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Indonesia commitment of carbon emission reduction

Erkata Yandri

Erkata Yandri

A note that I made, when President Yudhoyono attended the G20 summit in Pittsburg, USA September 21 to 22, 2009. In essence, what has been agreed upon, must be taken seriously, including by Indonesia without exception. Although the president has changed, but some parts are still relevant to the current situation. Happy reading.

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At the meeting of “the G20 Summit,” held in Pittsburgh, USA from 24-25 September 2009, President of the Republic of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) delivered a speech that Indonesia was the first country to have set a carbon emissions reduction targets, both short-term targets, medium-term targets, as well as long-term target 2020-2050. SBY’s speech represents 20 of the 77 developing countries present at the summit. A number of international NGOs are hoping a lot of claims from SBY speech to more and more countries are seriously dealing with the issue of global climate change.

Then, at the meeting “Climate Change Talks” held in Bangkok from the date of 28 September to 9 October 2009, Indonesia again confirmed its carbon emission reduction targets by 26% until the year 2020. Statement Indonesia is also positively responded to by many delegations of other countries who also attended the meeting (Kompas, October 5, 2009).

People of Indonesia should be proud of the appreciation of the world. Why? If  the bold commitment on the forum are from the countries of the world’s biggest polluter, the appreciation is arguably mediocre because it should be. However, because the forward is Indonesia, the value of appreciation must be extraordinary. Without a commitment, do not expect much to hold the rate of growth of world primary energy consumption increased forty-five percent of 20062030 (IEA, 2008). As a result, the average global temperature will rise by three degrees Celsius, and the dangers of climate change threaten the world ocean. There lies the reason for appreciation.

There are two signals are sent from this commitment.

The first is the signal for a positive reaction from the duo of China and India (Chindia) as an “economic giant” in emerging Asia to seriously think about climate change agenda. From fossil fuel consumption in 2006, the contribution of global carbon emissions from the two countries has reached number twenty-six per cent. For China alone has twenty-one per cent while India less than a quarter, or just reached five percent. Try to compare it with Indonesia, which is only less than one percent of total world carbon emissions. If China and India are lured and more serious commitment to move forward, then the impact on the achievement of global carbon emissions would be much more felt.

The second is the signal to see a serious reaction from developed countries who have mastered the technology of renewable energy to more actively assist Indonesia in developing and utilizing renewable energy sources has. In addition to contributing to reducing carbon emissions is expected that renewable energy development will also impact upon the reduction of energy dependence on oil Indonesia will increase enough since Indonesia’s foreign exchange into the oil importing countries in 2004.

In addition, the effect of industrialization development of the renewable energy sector is also likely to increase the availability of employment opportunities. Strategy to realize the target, of course, that must be done now is how to realize these commitments. In 2006, the total consumption of primary energy from fossil energy is still at number ninety-five percent, while the target until the year 2025 as stipulated in Presidential Decree No. 5 in 2006 is eighty-five percent.

This means that there must be at least half a percent per year decline. It is estimated that this target will be difficult to achieve because the consumption of fossil energy will continue to grow about eight percent a year even though quite matched by the growth of renewable energy for about fifteen per cent a year (PEUI, 2006). However, Indonesia does not need to fear if absolutely serious and confident in meeting these commitments.

The seriousness can only be seen by how strongly the government in supporting of adequate policies for two things, namely energy efficiency and renewable energy. Energy efficiency is a focus on industrial and transportation sectors because these two sectors consume no less than eighty-one percent of total primary energy. It is time for more government attention and fostering a more efficient industry in the use of energy. The government must also dare to reduce wasteful industrial growth in energy consumption but the economic impact on small and large environmental damage.

For renewable energy, the government must create regulations that support the utilization of renewable energy, increase the utilization of local renewable energy source, a clear funding mechanism for the development of renewable energy, encouraging renewable energy technology transfer, support industrial growth associated with renewable energy, and set the price of fossil energy based on economic prices.

May the praise and admiration of other countries does not make Indonesia and the leadership drifted by SBY next five years to provide a strong foothold in determining national energy strategy in the future.

Hopefully it’s not “Blue Commitment”.

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