Triggered by the world’s energy crisis in 1970’s, as a poor country with natural and energy resources, Japan has started a three pillars of energy policy. The policy is called 3E, namely: Economic growth, which means the energy that ensures economic growth in Japan; Energy security that ensures the availability of energy security, and Environmental protection which ensure in the face of global warming problem.
To realize these 3E, Japan has made various efforts, including: strengthening energy conservation, promoting new energy, promoting the development of nuclear energy, and expanding the natural gas consumption. The development of new energy here means hydropower, 地熱の, 再生可能エネルギー.
Seeing that the importance of energy issues in the world today, the Japanese keep the concept of 3S; Security, Sustainability, and Stability. Security here means safety from terrorist attack disorder, political instability in energy producing countries and tremendous economic development in some developing countries. Sustainability here means a guarantee availability of energy to continue to support world economic growth with the availability of world energy reserves diminishing. Stability here means the stability of energy prices in the market.
There are three strategies that must be taken by Japanese in facing the world energy situation today. The first strategy is to increase the utilization ratio of energy produced themselves, especially nuclear energy capacity, the development of new energy, renewable energy utilization, such as wind energy, solar energy, and biomass, and not forgetting the development of energy conservation technologies. The second strategy is to develop the energy cooperation with countries in some Asia region, such as ASEAN. The third strategy is to develop more intensively in the field of energy technology for the future.
Since the energy problem is increasingly indivisible from various other problems, such as security, diplomacy, crisis management, トレード, and science and technology policies, comprehensive efforts with strengthened coordination on the policy side with these other issues are becoming increasingly important. 第2, it is necessary to clarify the division of roles and responsibility setup between the government and private companies. The government and private companies have to work together and adopt policies in areas where they can mutually cooperate, especially external resource diplomacy and policies for the securing of resources. It is important to have comprehensive efforts between ministries and agencies.