産業の「注意事項 & エネルギー"

Don’t be afraid of China

Erkata Yandri

Erkata Yandri

Notes made at the end of 2011, as input from me to the government to prepare well to the ACFTA. Hopefully there are parts that are relevant to current conditions. ハッピー読書.


Indonesia government has realized, energy subsidies are very burdensome. With current policies, estimated energy subsidies (fuel, 電気, and gas) for 2012, will swell to 180T. For anticipation, popular steps taken by government is to reduce it. すなわち, there will be possibility of rising fuel prices and electricity.

Rising energy prices always cause immediate impact to industry. The average increase 10% of electricity tariff (TDL) since July 1st, 2010, it’s effect is quite significant for industry. Although government estimates the impact of about 4.5% only, but industry recognize the production cost increased more than 33%. In other words, the competitiveness of national industries to fizzle.

China considered scary monsters

覚えておく, since ACFTA applied since January 1st, 2010, demand for industrial competitiveness is increasing, especially compounded with TDL increase. The strength of cheap Chinese products, would be more freely raided Indonesian market. China feared like monster that swallows exhausted prey. If no match, many local industry will die. Mass layoffs can not be avoided.

It’s no secret, China can be like this because of the high efficiency, from raw materials, エネルギー, and labor, supported also by the chain of upstream-downstream industry and bureaucracy. 加えて, with its high flexibility in capacity and delivery, China attractive as place to order short trend products. たぶん, the quality is still underestimated until now, but in line with ability to duplicate and innovate, be cautious for few more years. The yellow fellow neighbors, Japan and South Korea have proved it. Indonesia must admit it all.

こうして, more pressure to government to cancel or renegotiate ACFTA immediately. 今, there are already similar invitation was initiated by USA, Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP). Several neighbors have expressed interest, while Indonesia is considering. たぶん, Indonesia is still traumatized by ACFTA, afraid to decide. This is evidence that Indonesian industry is not ready to respond the global competition. If fundamentals of domestic industry more robust, the offer of cooperation may be dealt quickly.

In the era of globalization and free trade, it is difficult for Indonesia to be closed. Indonesia would not want to be excluded from world trade. そう, whatever will be done against ACFTA and TPP, should be clear what must be repaired or prepared at home now.

Lack of government action

As usual, any planned increase in fuel and electricity prices, there used to oppose or request the delay of implementation. The main reason is unready. 明らかに, many of which carried away with subsidies. もちろん, the question here is, how well prepared the industry to anticipate it.

実際には, many great ideas how to improve the competitiveness of national industries, has been delivered by experts. しかしながら, the idea of ​​government also needs to be appreciated. There have been a discourse to build the national raw material industry soon, in order to protect and build its derivatives. Expected, import of raw materials can be reduced. その後, there are also inter-sectoral collaborative efforts, between central and local governments, which must be supported by a number of related parties. さらに, there is also a discourse to develop the logistics infrastructure, and improvements in the bureaucratisation to create the business certainty. 加えて, there is also idea to ​​strengthen the potential of resource-based, such as agricultural products and mining with a higher level of processing.

質問, “Where is the position of these ideas now?” That must be answered by evidence and clear parameters. そうでない場合, is considered as a hoax or still as discourse.

Anticipating of fuel and electricity price increases in 2012

Supposedly, do not be surprised by the planned increase of fuel or electricity prices in 2012. Gradual reduction of subsidies has been a clear policy direction from government, except for some particular parties. これは、電力に大きく依存している業界にとって厳しいテストです. For anticipation, すぐに行われなければならない2つのものがあります.

最初, それは同時に、効率化プログラムを実行する必要があります, エネルギーと生産の両方. すべてのレベルを伴う電気エネルギーの節約プログラムだけでなく、, しかし、生産性に影響を与えることなく、他の機会があります. いくつかの産業では, 使用される主な電気エネルギーは、電気モータを使用してマシンを駆動することです. 小さな部分のみを照明に使用されます, コンピュータやより. 一部の電気エネルギーは、エンジンの低効率のために失われました, ケーブル及び電気モータのアンバランスする低力率dueb, 生産工程中に失わ. 業界では電気モーターにインバーターをインストールすることで投資する勇気を持っている必要があります, 高力率用のインストール力率コントローラ.

第2, should dare to do the innovation process. The aim is to improve the production process, using specific techniques and methods in order to be more efficient in terms of resources usage, such as raw materials, エネルギー, labor and time. The aim is to simplify the process. もちろん, should be assisted with the engineering aspects related to the products and others. This is where the importance of human to be able to innovate, so more efficient in energy consumed, also simultaneoulsy improve quality..

Those are matter of willingness and seriousness to invest. Investment into machinery is accounting issue, while investment to humans is regeneration one. The point here is how fellow industry will openly share their experiences, such as in workshops, company visits, benchmarking, 等. In global competition, industry must have quick and creative anticipation. The challenge now is how industry can do those two things much faster, in order to keep pace with China. Ideally, this should be done from upstream to downstream for nationally impact. If all parties change immediately and do things in accordance with scope of duties and responsibilities, the result will be enormous. To reach, it must be with a real strategy, not a discourse.

Never thought to maintain the domestic market from attacking another countries by expecting subsidy. Reduction or elimination of subsidies should be a challenge to improve competitiveness. Stay optimistic for globalization and do not be afraid to China!


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